An Anatomy Lesson

My MedlinePlus Weekly Newsletter: An Anatomy Lesson

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2020 update to My MedlinePlus Newsletter logo

April 13, 2022

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doctor and patient talking

An Anatomy Lesson

Can you identify where your Achilles tendon is and what it does? Do you understand how your urinary tract works? A basic understanding of anatomy can help you communicate with your doctor so that you can make better healthcare decisions. MedlinePlus has information, descriptions, and images of the human body’s parts and organ systems from head to toe. Check out the Anatomy health topic to learn more.

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

Most of us feel some discomfort in our guts from time to time. It may be because we’re nervous about something, or perhaps we ate something that didn’t agree with us. But if pain and other gut symptoms go on for weeks or longer, it might be a sign of a digestive system disease or disorder. Twelve percent of people in the U.S. have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which affects the large intestine. It can cause abdominal cramping, bloating, and a change in bowel habits. Some people with the disorder have constipation, some have diarrhea. Others go back and forth between the two. Most people diagnosed with IBS can control their symptoms with diet, stress management, probiotics, and medicine. Learn more about irritable bowel syndrome.

Paget’s Disease of The Bone

Paget’s disease of the bone is a chronic bone disorder that causes excessive breakdown and regrowth of bone. This can cause the affected bones to become misshapen or easily fractured (broken). Paget’s usually affects just one or a few bones. The cause of the disease is unknown, but it has been linked to several genes. To avoid complications, it’s important to find and treat Paget’s disease early. A diagnosis is made using several tools including:

  • A medical history, to identify symptoms
  • A physical exam
  • An x-ray of the affected bones
  • An alkaline phosphatase blood test
  • A bone scan

Ham and Vegetable Chowder

Ham and Vegetable Chowder is hearty and easy to make. Use low-sodium or homemade broth to lower the sodium content.