Managing Your Blood Sugar


March 17, 2021

Adult daughter hugging father

Managing Your Blood Sugar

When you have diabetes, good control of your blood sugar will help you stay as healthy as possible and prevent further health problems.

Check your blood sugar often, know your recommended targets, and know what to do when it’s high or low.  For people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association recommends that blood sugar targets be based on a person’s needs and goals. Talk to your doctor and diabetes educator about these goals. A general guideline is:

Type 1 Diabetes

Before meals, your blood sugar should be:

90 to 130 mg/dL (5.0 to 7.2 mmol/L) for adults

90 to 130 mg/dL (5.0 to 7.2 mmol/L) for children, 13 to 19 years old

90 to 180 mg/dL (5.0 to 10.0 mmol/L) for children, 6 to 12 years old

100 to 180 mg/dL (5.5 to 10.0 mmol/L) for children under 6 years old

After meals (1 to 2 hours after eating), your blood sugar should be less than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) for adults.

At bedtime, your blood sugar should be:

90 to 150 mg/dL (5.0 to 8.3 mmol/L) for adults

90 to 150 mg/dL (5.0 to 8.3 mmol/L) for children, 13 to 19 years old

100 to 180 mg/dL (5.5 to 10.0 mmol/L) for children, 6 to 12 years old

110 to 200 mg/dL (6.1 to 11.1 mmol/L) for children under 6 years old

Type 2 Diabetes 

In general, before meals, blood sugar should be 70 to 130 mg/dL (3.9 to 7.2 mmol/L) for adults.

After meals (1 to 2 hours after eating), blood sugar should be .ess than 180 mg/dL (10.0 mmol/L) for adults.

Learn more about managing your blood sugar.

How the Digestive System Works

Have you ever thought about how your digestive system works?

The digestive system uses 9 organs:

  • 6 hollow organs make up the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus.

  • 3 solid organs complete the digestive system and include the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. They each have a different role to break down food as it moves through the digestive system.

Bacteria in your GI tract and parts of your nervous and circulatory systems also help with digestion. Working together, nerves, hormones, bacteria, blood, and the organs of your digestive system digest the foods and liquids you eat or drink each day.

The next time you take a bite of your lunch, think of all of the work your digestive system is doing to breakdown the food and help your body absorb nutrients for energy, growth, and cell repair.

Latex Allergy

Latex is a milky fluid that comes from a tropical rubber tree. Repeated exposure to a protein in natural latex can make someone more likely to develop a latex allergy. Latex allergies are not common, but for those who have one, it’s best to find alternatives to everyday products that contain latex. Common products containing latex are:

  • Gloves
  • Condoms
  • Balloons
  • Rubber bands
  • Shoe soles
  • Pacifiers

Prevent Accidental Poisoning

Accidental poisoning can happen to anyone of any age. In 2019, the most recent data, one poison exposure was reported to a U.S. poison control center every 15 seconds.  Children under six comprise nearly half of all cases.  Older adults are also at increased risk because they exhibit a greater number of serious medical outcomes.

Teach your child about poisons that may be in your home or yard. Your child should know not to eat berries or leaves from unknown plants. Almost any household substance, when eaten in large enough amounts, can be harmful or poisonous. Only buy toys that say non-toxic on the label and keep batteries out of reach of children.

In Your Home

  • Keep cleaning fluids, bug poisons, and other chemicals out of a child’s reach.
  • DO NOT store toxic substances in unmarked or inappropriate containers (such as food containers).
  • DO NOT use pesticides on plants if possible.
  • Keep cosmetics and nail polish out of reach.
  • Put safety latches on cabinets that a child should not open.

Do not share your medicine and use only medicine that is prescribed for you. Keep all medicines locked up and out of children’s reach, use child-resistant caps.

If you suspect poisoning or have questions, contact the American Association of Poison Control Centers:

Poison Help Line:  800-222-1222
Text “POISON” to 797979

Avoid Exercise Injuries

Has warmer weather inspired you to be more active? Help prevent injury by checking in with your health care provider to make sure you are healthy before you get started, wear the right shoes, stay hydrated, and stretch.

If you’re recovering from a sports injury, take it slow. Make sure you’re fully recovered before restarting an activity. Take time to rebuild strength and always use proper form for strength-building exercises.

Bell Pepper Nachos

Crisp bell peppers are a tasty alternative to tortilla chips in these oven-baked bell pepper nachos.